The second annual edition of the Open Sea 22-2 exercise, the largest training event of the Italian Navy, and which involved forces belonging to 5 NATO nations, more than 45 ships, submarines, aircraft and helicopters, together with amphibious departments of the San Marco Marine Brigade, Raiders and Divers of COMSUBIN as well as personnel and means of the Italian Army, ended on October 27th, of the Italian Air Force, for a total of more than 5,300 soldiers operating at sea and from the sea.
Also in this important and fruitful edition was the participation of various realities of the interinstitutional and interagency context, including the Center for International Studies (Ce.S.I.), the Center for Geopolitics and Maritime Strategy (CESMAR), the Corps of Volunteer Nurses of the Italian Red Cross and students, about 50, of various Italian universities and professionals in the civil world.
“We have carried out an intense and demanding activity for everyone, inter-force and multi-domain, articulated on several fronts, focused on traditional activities and enriched by the development of spatial and cybernetic dimensions. The scenario, complex and also characterized by the characteristics of hybrid warfare, has allowed us to deepen the fundamental training issues to effectively perform the institutional tasks of the Italian Navy. I am very satisfied with the strong commitment of all the men and women who participated” this is in short the final balance drawn by the commander in chief of the Naval Squadron, Admiral Aurelio De Carolis, who also underlined how “The involvement in the exercise of university students, integrated into the staff embarked on naval units according to the course of study, It is fundamental in the broader framework of strengthening existing links with universities. A strategic and innovative combination of operations and defence culture”.
The autumn session of the exercise, which involved the maritime spaces between the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Strait of Sicily, developed in two phases: the first, from 3 to 14 October, during which the level of capacity in the various sectors of maritime operations was verified in a multidomain perspective ; the second, from 17 to 27 October, so-called “tactical” phase, focused on the simulation of a scenario designed with two opposing forces in contrast with the previous edition. The two opposing parties tried to achieve the objectives set by the commander in chief of the Naval Squadron, director of the exercise, embarked with his staff on the aircraft carrier Cavour.
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